Monday, April 16, 2018

What Do People Believe? (Session 11 – What Are the Religions of East Asia?)

What Do People Believe? (Session 11 – What Are the Religions of East Asia?)

The purpose of this session is to explore the beliefs found in eastern Asia.

Below is the structure of the session and a podcast of our discussion:

Confucianism
  • Confucius (551 BC – 479 BC)
  • Themes in Confucian Thought
    • Humaneness (Ren)
    • Etiquette (Li)
    • Loyalty (Mandate of Heaven)
  • Piety – Five Bonds
    • Ruler to Ruled
    • Father to Son
    • Husband to Wife
    • Elder Brother to Younger Brother
    • Friend to Friend
  • Relationships
  • The Gentleman
  • Rectification of Names
  • Meritocracy
Taoism
  • Laozi
  • Principles
    • Tao/way
    • De/living
    • Wu Wei/without action
    • Pu/simplicity
    • Spirituality
  • The Three Jewels of the Tao
    • Compassion/Kindness
    • Moderation/Simplicity
    • Humility/Modesty
  • God
Shintoism
  • “Way of the Gods”
  • Beliefs
    • Creation
    • Shrines
    • Kami
    • Impurity
    • Purification
    • Afterlife
    • State Shinto

Wednesday, April 4, 2018

What Do People Believe? (Session 10 – What is Buddhism?)

What Do People Believe? (Session 10 – What is Buddhism?)

The purpose of this session is to explore the beliefs of Buddhism.

Below is the structure of the session:

What are the fundamental beliefs?

  • Karma
  • Rebirth
    • Naraka Beings
    • Preta
    • Animals
    • Human beings
    • Asuras
    • Devas
  • Four Noble Truths
    • Life is or leads to suffering.
    • Suffering is caused by craving.
    • Suffering ends when craving ends.
    • Reaching this liberated state is achieved by following the path laid out by the Buddha.
  • The Eightfold Path
    • Right View
    • Right Intention
    • Right Speech
    • Right Action
    • Right Livelihood
    • Right Effort
    • Right Mindfulness
    • Right Concentration
  • Nirvana
  • Yoga
  • Buddhist Ethics
    • To refrain from taking life
    • To refrain from taking that which is not given
    • To refrain from sensual misconduct
    • To refrain from lying
    • To refrain from intoxicants with lead to loss of mindfulness
How do Buddhists approach others who have different beliefs?

How does Buddhism relate to other religions historically?
  • Indian religions originated in Greater India and tend to share a number of key concepts, such as dharma and karma. They are of the most influence across the Indian subcontinent, East Asia, Southeast Asia, as well as isolated parts of Russia. The main Indian religions are Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism and Sikhism.

Wednesday, March 28, 2018

What Do People Believe? (Session 9 – What is Buddhism?)

The purpose of this session is to explore the history of Buddhism.

Below is the structure of the session:

What is the history of Buddhism?

  • Philosophical Roots
  • Siddhartha Gautama
  • Indian Buddhism
  • Early Development and Spread
  • Buddhism Today 
  • Demographics 

Below is a podcast of our discussion.


Wednesday, March 21, 2018

A Thought from the Word - A brief thought based on Jeremiah 17:7-8

What Do People Believe? (Session 8 – What is Hinduism?)

The purpose of this session is to explore the beliefs of Hinduism.

Below is the structure of the session:

What are the fundamental beliefs?

  • Concept of God
  • Devas and Avatars
  • Karma and Samsara
  • Objectives of Human Life
    • Dharma/righteousness
    • Artha/livelihood
    • Kama/sensual pleasure
    • Moksa/liberation
  • Yoga
    • The Path of Love and Devotion
    • The Path of Right Action
    • The Path of Meditation
    • The Path of Wisdom
  • Rituals
  • Festivals
  • Pilgrimage
  • Ahimsa, Vegetarianism and Other Food Customs
How do Hindus approach others who have different beliefs?