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The Very Basics of Evolution
- Life forms reproduce and therefore have a tendency to become more numerous.
- Factors such as predation and competition work against the survival of individuals.
- Each offspring differs from their parent(s) in minor, random ways.
- If these differences are beneficial, the offspring is more likely to survive and reproduce.
- This makes it likely that more offspring in the next generation will have beneficial differences and fewer will have detrimental differences.
- These differences accumulate over generations, resulting in changes within the population.
- Over time, populations can split or branch off into new species.
- These processes, collectively known as evolution, are responsible for the many diverse life forms seen in the world.
The Very Basics of Creationism
- Young Earth Creationism – Young Earth creationists believe that God created the Earth within the last ten thousand years, literally as described in the Genesis creation narrative, within the approximate time-frame of biblical genealogies.
- Old Earth Creationism – Old Earth creationism holds that the physical universe was created by God, but that the creation event described in the Book of Genesis is to be taken figuratively.
- Gap creationism – Gap creationism, also called "restoration creationism," holds that life was recently created on a pre-existing old Earth.
- Day-age creationism – Day-age creationism states that the "six days" of the Book of Genesis are not ordinary 24-hour days, but rather much longer periods (for instance, each "day" could be the equivalent of millions, or billions of years of human time).
- Progressive creationism – Progressive creationism holds that species have changed or evolved in a process continuously guided by God, with various ideas as to how the process operated-though it is generally taken that God directly intervened in the natural order at key moments in Earth history.
- Neo-creationism – Neo-Creationists intentionally distance themselves from other forms of creationism, preferring to be known as wholly separate from creationism as a philosophy. The intelligent design movement arguably represents the most recognized form of neo-creationism in the US.