Friday, February 26, 2016

The Questions of Faith – What does the Bible tell us about Heaven?

Below are the notes from the fifteenth session of a study entitled "The Questions of Faith." This 15-session series attempts to answer some of the questions raised by participants from our last study. This week we worked on the question, What does the Bible tell us about Heaven?  You may listen to a podcast of this session on the Cove Presbyterian PodBean page. 

If you found this study meaningful, please consider sending an offering directly to Cove Presbyterian Church, 3404 Main Street, Weirton, West Virginia or through PayPal.

The Biblical Understanding of Heaven
  • The Sky and Beyond
  • The Place of God and His Angels
  • The Kingdom of Heaven

The Biblical Understanding of Eternal Life
  • Life Experienced after Death 
  • Life Experience during this Life 


The Nature of Eternal Life
  • The Greeks believed in the radical separation of body and soul
  • The Hebrews believed in the separation between the body and soul, but that neither could exist without the other. 
  • Paul envisions the resurrection of the dead in 1 Corinthians 15. 

Friday, February 19, 2016

The Questions of Faith – What exactly is the Trinity?


Below are the notes from the fourteenth session of a study entitled "The Questions of Faith." This 15-session series attempts to answer some of the questions raised by participants from our last study. This week we worked on the question, What exactly is the Trinity?  You may listen to a podcast of this session on the Cove Presbyterian PodBean page. 

If you found this study meaningful, please consider sending an offering directly to Cove Presbyterian Church, 3404 Main Street, Weirton, West Virginia or through PayPal.

Problems with the Trinity
  • The Dialogue Problem 
  • The Gender Problem 
  • The Understandability Problem 
  • The Biblical Problem 

The Nature of the Trinity
  • Unity in Diversity - One God, Three Persons
  • Diversity in Unity - Three Persons, One God


Thursday, February 11, 2016

The Questions of Faith – Why do we view sin as sin, without one sin being greater than another?


Below are the notes from the thirteenth session of a study entitled "The Questions of Faith." This 15-session series attempts to answer some of the questions raised by participants from our last study. This week we worked on the question, Why do we view sin as sin, without one sin being greater than another?  You may listen to a podcast of this session on the Cove Presbyterian PodBean page. 

If you found this study meaningful, please consider sending an offering directly to Cove Presbyterian Church, 3404 Main Street, Weirton, West Virginia or through PayPal.

Sin as a Disease
  • Symptoms - Romans 1:20-32
  • Extent - Romans 3:9-26
  • Cure - Romans 5:1-21
  • Treatment - Romans 6:1 – 7:6 
  • Warning - Romans 7:7-25

Officer Training - February 9, 2016

Below are the handouts I used at our officer training class. You can hear the presentation on the Cove Presbyterian Podbean page.

Ordination/Installation Questions

Question 1: Do you trust in Jesus Christ your Savior, acknowledge him Lord of all and Head of the Church, and through him believe in one God, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit?

Question 2: Do you accept the Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments to be, by the Holy Spirit, the unique and authoritative witness to Jesus Christ in the Church universal, and God’s Word to you?

Question 3: Do you sincerely receive and adopt the essential tenets of the Reformed faith as expressed in the confessions of our church as authentic and reliable expositions of what Scripture leads us to believe and do, and will you be instructed and led by those confessions as you lead the people of God?

Question 4: Will you fulfill your office in obedience to Jesus Christ, under the authority of Scripture, and be continually guided by our confessions?

Question 5: Will you be governed by our church’s polity, and will you abide by its discipline? Will you be a friend among your colleagues in ministry, working with them, subject to the ordering of God’s Word and Spirit?

Question 6: Will you in your own life seek to follow the Lord Jesus Christ, love your neighbors, and work for the reconciliation of the world?

Question 7. Do you promise to further the peace, unity, and purity of the church?

Question 8: Will you seek to serve the people with energy, intelligence, imagination, and love?

Question 9: (For elder) Will you be a faithful elder, watching over the people, providing for their worship, nurture, and service? Will you share in government and discipline, serving in governing bodies of the church, and in your ministry will you try to show the love and justice of Jesus Christ?

(For deacon) Will you be a faithful deacon, teaching charity, urging concern, and directing the people’s help to the friendless and those in need and in your ministry will you try to show the love and justice of Jesus Christ?

The Session

Composition and Responsibilities

The session is the council for the congregation. It shall be composed of those persons elected by the congregation to active serviced as ruling elders, together with all installed pastors and associate pastors. All members of the session are entitled to vote. The pastor shall be the moderator of the session, and the session shall not meet without the pastor or designated moderator. If there is no installed pastor, or if the installed pastor is unable to invite another moderator, the presbytery shall make provisions for a moderator. Presbyteries shall provide by rule for moderators when the session is without a moderator for reasons of vacancy or inconvenience.

The session shall have responsibility for governing the congregation and guiding its witness to the sovereign activity of God in the world, so that the congregation is and becomes a community of faith, hope, love, and witness. As it leads and guides the witness of the congregation, the session shall keep before it the marks of the Church (F-1.0302), the notes by which Presbyterian and Reformed congregations have identified themselves throughout history (F-1.0303) and the six Great Ends of the Church (F-1.0304). In light of this charge, the session has responsibility and power to:
  1. provide that the Word of God may be truly preached and heard. This responsibility shall include providing a place where the congregation may regularly gather for worship, education, and spiritual nurture; providing for regular preaching of the Word by a teaching elder or other person prepared and approved for the work; planning and leading regular efforts to reach into the community and the world with the message of salvation and the invitation to enter into committed discipleship; planning and leading ministries of social healing and reconciliation in the community in accordance with the prophetic witness of Jesus Christ; and initiating and responding to ecumenical efforts that bear witness to the love and grace of God.
  2. provide that the Sacraments may be rightly administered and received. This responsibility shall include authorizing the celebration of the Lord’s Supper at least quarterly and the administration of Baptism as appropriate, in accordance with the principles of the Directory for Worship; and exercising pastoral care among the congregation in order that the Sacraments may be received as a means of grace, and the congregation may live in the unity represented in the Sacraments.
  3. nurture the covenant community of disciples of Christ. This responsibility shall include receiving and dismissing members; reviewing the roll of active members at least annually and counseling with those who have neglected the responsibilities of membership; providing programs of nurture, education, and fellowship; training, examining, ordaining, and installing those elected by the congregation as ruling elders and deacons; encouraging the graces of generosity and faithful stewardship of personal and financial resources; managing the physical property of the congregation for the furtherance of its mission; directing the ministry of deacons, trustees, and all organizations of the congregation; employing the administrative staff of the congregation; leading the congregation in participating in the mission of the whole church; warning and bearing witness against error in doctrine and immorality in practice within the congregation and community; and serving in judicial matters in accordance with the Rules of Discipline..

Deacons: the Ministry of Compassion and Service

Deacon Defined

The ministry of deacon as set forth in Scripture is one of compassion, witness, and service, sharing in the redeeming love of Jesus Christ for the poor, the hungry, the sick, the lost, the friendless, the oppressed, those burdened by unjust policies or structures, or anyone in distress. Persons of spiritual character, honest repute, exemplary lives, brotherly and sisterly love, sincere compassion, and sound judgment should be chosen
for this ministry. 

Under Authority of the Session

Deacons may be individually commissioned or organized as a board of deacons. In either case, their ministry is under the supervision and authority of the session. Deacons may also be given special assignments in the congregation, such as caring for members in need, handling educational tasks, cultivating liberality in giving, collecting and disbursing monies to specific persons or causes, or overseeing the buildings and property of the congregation. Deacons shall assume other duties as may be delegated to them by the session, including assisting with the Lord’s Supper. (W-3.3616). A congregation by a majority vote may choose not to utilize the ordered ministry of deacons. If the congregation has neither a board of deacons nor individually commissioned deacons, the function of this ordered ministry shall be the responsibility of the ruling elders and the session.